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From the revolts to the Greek Revolution: Economic-political realities and ideological visions among the Greeks (end 18th century–1821)

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Title

From the revolts to the Greek Revolution: Economic-political realities and ideological visions among the Greeks (end 18th century–1821)

Date

13 March 2021

Abstract

This paper concerns the 50 years before 1821. As its starting point it takes the Greek revolt of 1770, known as the “Orlofika”, during the Russian-Ottoman War of 1768–1774. The economic and political framework was shaped by the growing interest of the naval European powers in trade in the Eastern Mediterranean and the dynamic appearance of Russia in this antagonistic game after the Kuçuk Kaynarca Treaty (1774). The Austro-Russian-Ottoman war of 1787–1791/92, the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, the intense competition and war rivalries among Europeans on land and at sea, and the weakened position of the Ottoman Empire all fed into political and economic changes in Southeastern Europe. Rebel movements led by powerful Muslim ayans in Ioannina, Shkodra and Vidin challenged central Ottoman power in the Balkans. The increasing commercial strength of Greek Orthodox people was another new reality. Merchants’ networks extended throughout the Southeastern European Ottoman provinces connecting the diaspora of Greek Orthodox commercial communities in Central/Western Europe and Russia. Education centres flourished in these communities; scientific books, newspapers and journals were published in the Greek language; an ideological osmosis of modern political ideas followed. It was through this osmosis, and through the political interactions among the European powers, that various projects seeking liberation with the assistance of Europeans (French or Russians) emerged. The fall of Venice and its impact on the Ionian islands at the turn of the 18th century led to the establishment of the first semi-autonomous Repubblica Settinsulare, 1800–1807, and the institution of new sovereignties (Russian, French, English) on the islands. The end of the first decade of the 19th century saw the emergence of a more or less mature political ideology of liberation based on its own strengths. Political visions of nation, fatherland and liberty spread through wide social strata and prepared the way for the outbreak of the 1821 Revolution.

(Edited abstract from organiser’s website)


From the book of abstracts, as it was published on NKUA's website.

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Format

Text

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Number Of Pages - Duration

00:20:00

Rights

BY-NC-SA Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Position: 6853 (8 views)