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Building the Greek state



Building the Greek state


April 2022


On the occasion of the bicentenary of the Greek Revolution, professors of Panteion University analyse the historical course of Greece since 1821. By recording the stages of construction of the Greek state, they highlight the dilemmas, visions, conflicts, successes and failures that led to its current formation. The starting point is the revolution itself as the founding event of the Greek nation-state, decisive for its physiognomy and evolution. Relations with its neighbours and with Western Europe played an important role, which defined elements of Greek identity, as well as Greece’s membership in European and transatlantic alliances and various international organisations. Its relationship with Turkey was quite crucial, which, despite the long peaceful periods, was and remains controversial. At home, policies in the economy, education, the welfare state, etc., which inevitably follow the international status quo, have taken a course that is not straightforward, but complex and sometimes unpredictable. Critical aspects were, on the one hand, the state issue – the monarchy, which was abolished in 1974 – and, on the other hand, the political formations, parties and factions that, through conflict and reshuffle, reproduced a largely bipolar scheme. Finally, the demographic dimension is important: the people who inhabited the Greek territory, and among them the majorities and minorities (internal immigrants, refugees, foreign economic immigrants, ethnic groups) that shaped modern Greece, radically changing the composition of the society that revolted in 1821.

(Edited and translated blurb from publisher’s website)

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