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Who is a Greek citizen? The constitutional articles of the Greek Revolution 1821-1832



Who is a Greek citizen? The constitutional articles of the Greek Revolution 1821-1832

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02 September 2021


One of the most important challenges that the Greek revolutionary leadership was asked to resolve, immediately after the declaration of the request for the establishment of a state, was the search and selection of the criteria for determining the identity of the Greek citizen. The work of editing the institutional framework of Greek citizenship was characterized by conflicts and confrontations that were due to the process of transition from the Greek cultural nation highlighted by the Neohellenic Enlightenment to the much-desired independent national state. Among the imperative priorities of the revolutionary leadership was the separation of the members of the new state from its enemies and the appearance of the national character of the revolution in order to gain the necessary consent and legitimacy by the Great Powers of Europe.

Through the constitutional texts of the revolutionary national assemblies, in the first critical stages in the evolution of Greek citizenship, we will examine the criteria set, the historical conditions, political needs and aspirations that determined them as well as the legacy of the separation of the Greek nation into three subsets: the Greeks within the Greek state, the “unredeemed” ones of the Ottoman Empire and the Greeks of the diaspora.

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